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Since the foundation of The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment on the 9th September 1992, the Regiment has continued to maintain the best traditions of the past, whilst establishing a sound professional reputation in its new guise. The inherited traditions are explained in other parts of this Online Museum; this chapter illustrates the activities of the current Regiment.

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Napoleon had signed the Amiens Treaty only to give himself time to prepare for his invasion of England and fourteen months later he declared war again on the trumped-up grounds that Britain had failed to hand back Malta to the Knights of St. John, in accordance with the Treaty. In October 1805, at Trafalgar, Nelson removed the threat of French invasion, which had led to the raising of some infantry regiment’s 2nd battalions, notably those of the 31st, the 35th, the 37th and the 67th.

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The Queen’s, The Buffs (East Kent), 31st (Huntingdonshire), 50th (West Kent), 57th (West Middlesex), 67th (South Hampshire) and 77th (East Middlesex) all took part in the Peninsular campaign. The battle honours of Vimiera, Corunna, Douro, Talavera, Barrosa, Albuhera, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Almaraz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse and Peninsula were won by forebear regiments. It is not surprising that the second Regimental Day of The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment, Albuhera, comes from this War.

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This is an 1878 pattern British Blue Cloth Home Service Helmet.

This is an 1878 pattern British Blue Cloth Home Service Helmet.
The helmet plate (badge) has a Tudor Crown which was in use from 1901 to 1939.

Adopted by the British Army in 1878 it was in use as the full dress helmet until 1914. Nowadays only some of the regimental bands wear them.

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The re-organisation of the Army in the early 1990s, called Options for Change, necessitated new Collects or regimental prayers, and provided the opportunity to amend existing ones. The current collection is the work of the Reverend R A McDowall and included the Regimental Collect of The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment. It is said at all religious services that include the Regiment and reads as follows:

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The Tigers are a fighting regiment - we thrive on complex, tough operations. We are the senior English Regiment of the Line. We are forward looking, yet fiercely proud of our famous forebear regiments whose fighting spirit and traditions thrive in today’s Regiment.

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This is a drum of the 2nd Battalion The Royal Sussex Regiment. The accompanying plaque reads: "Immediately prior to 1908 the 2nd Battalion drums were orange. The particular orange drum now carried by the 1st Battalion was taken to South Africa in 1900 by the detachment from the 2nd Battalion which was attached to the 1st Battalion during the South African War. It got back to the 2nd Battalion and was carried by Sergeant Crane throughout the First World War.

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The 2nd Opium War is worth a special mention, as The Queen’s, The Buffs, the 31st (Huntingdonshire) and the 67th (South Hampshire) all participated in this conflict. It involved an Anglo-French Expeditionary Force, which compelled the Chinese to observe trading treaties. The most significant battle was the taking of the Taku Forts. When, in 1860, the Chinese emperor declined to reply to a note demanding an apology for firing on British ships and his government's failure to act on the provisions of the Treaty of Tientsin, a combined Anglo-French task force was sent to enforce compliance.

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The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment was represented by its forebears in every theatre of the Second World War. Six battalions of The Queen’s, three of The Buffs, three of The East Surreys, , five battalions of The Royal Sussex, five battalions of The Queen’s Own Royal West Kents, three battalions of The Middlesex and the 2nd Battalion of The Hampshires to France went with the British Expeditionary Force. They were hopelessly ill-equipped to deal with the German Blitzkrieg (Lightning War) when it began on the 10th May 1940.

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The Story of the Peninsular War Medals of Privates Hammond and Holloway from The Die-Hards Journals

I have recently found correspondence in the Die-Hards journals relating to the origins of the Peninsular War medal incorporated into the