Marshal Soult was to receive his greatest defeat at the battle of Albuhera (Albuera), in southern Spain on the 16th May 1811. The Buffs (East Kent), the 31st (Huntingdonshire) and the 57th (West Middlesex) were all in Marshal Beresford’s allied army. Beresford took up position against the 23,000 French and Polish force astride a main road overlooking the village of Albuhera. The French attacked in massed columns supported by artillery firing grapeshot and came round the allies’ right flank, which was held by Spanish troops.
1944 marked the heroic defence of Kohima by the 4th Battalion The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment. The Battalion held out for fifteen days against a complete Japanese division, thereby buying enough time for two British divisions, which included the 1st Queen’s, to arrive and prevent the invasion of India. This was the turning point against the Japanese in Burma, for thereafter they were never able to mount an effective offensive.
On the 1st August 1759, the 37th Foot fought at The Battle of Minden, during the Seven Years' War.This is now one of the three main Regimental Days of The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment. The French Army of Marshal de Contades was marching towards Hanover and to block this move, Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, resolved to hold Minden. The Duke's force included six British infantry regiments, one of which was the 37th Foot. As the French approached, the British infantry were issued the confusing order to 'Advance with drums beating in proper time'.
The Battle of Salerno is the third Regimental Day of The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment and the anniversary on the 9th September 1992 marked the formation of the new Regiment. The day was well chosen, as it commemorated the exemplary courage of members of The Queen’s and Hampshires, who landed on the beaches in 1943. Six territorial battalions of The Queen’s fought in the battle within 169 (Queen’s) Brigade and 131 (Queen’s) Brigade alongside three Hampshire battalions of 128 (Hampshire) Brigade. In addition, a number of Beach Groups were manned by Queensmen and Hampshire soldiers .
All of the forebear regiments of The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment were represented in the Boer War in South Africa and the Volunteers provided reinforcements on operations. The 2nd Queen’s fought at the Tugela River and Spion Kop, where they were with the 2nd Middlesex and were also at The Relief of Ladysmith. The 2nd Buffs pursued the Boer leader Piet Cronje until he surrendered at Paardeberg, where they fought side-by-side with The 2nd Hampshires and later went on to Bloemfontein, where they were joined by the 1st Royal Sussex and occupied Pretoria.
Edward Cardwell, Liberal Secretary of State for War, introduced a number of major reforms in the Army during this period. This included the abolition of purchasing commissions and promotion. In 1872, he linked battalions in a regiment to ensure regular exchanges between home and overseas postings and gave each regiment a county affiliation and a recruiting and training depot within it.
The Army went through a major reorganisation as a result of the end of The Cold War in 1989 and the collapse of the Soviet Empire and the threat from The Warsaw Pact. ‘Options for Change’ was the name given to the British review, which was announced in 1990 and aimed to produce ‘smaller, better equipped, properly trained and housed, and well motivated forces’. The planned reductions were delayed because of The Gulf War, but the final plan included the reduction of infantry strength from fifty-five to forty battalions.
The war in the Crimea was the result of Russian claims to the right to protect the Holy Places in Palestine, which were then in the . Britain and France were allies of Turkey and when the Ottoman sultan declared war on Russia, the British Army became involved. The 50th (Queen’s Own), 57th (West Middlesex) and the 77th (East Middlesex) were at the Alma River and at the Battle of Inkerman in 1854, where Sergeant J Park of the 77th became the first Regimental recipient of the newly instituted Victoria Cross.
Battalions from forbear regiments of The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment were deployed on operations in the Falkland Islands after the War of 1982 and had been deployed to the Central American country of Belize since the 1970s. There was also the ongoing British commitment to support the United Nations’ peacekeeping force in Cyprus.