“Catherine of Braganza” painting

artefact

This portrait depicts Catherine of Braganza, who was Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1662 to 1685, as the wife of King Charles II. Catherine was born into the House of Braganza on 25 November 1638, the most senior noble house of Portugal at the time which became Portugal's royal house after Catherine's father, John, 8th Duke of Braganza, was proclaimed King John IV (of Portugal) after deposing the House of Habsburg in 1640.

Catherine de Braganza is of particular importance to The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, as it was her matrimony to Charles in 1661 that spurred the 2nd or Tangier Regiment of Foot to be raised. It had its first muster on Putney Heath on 14 October 1661 and was raised in order to garrison the Port of Tangier on the North coast of Morocco, which King Charles had acquired as part of the dowry when he married Catherine in 1662. The Queen's named after Queen Catherine, remained in Tangier for 23 years until the port was evacuated.. The Regiment's first battle honour, "Tangier 1662-1680" is the oldest in the British Army and is displayed on the Regimental Colour together with Catherine's cypher.